In many ways, Pennsylvania and Delaware owed their initial success to William Penn. Pennsylvania was one of the thirteen original U.S. founding states. The climate and geography of colonial Pennsylvania was similar to that of the current state of Pennsylvania. DID YOU KNOW?Pennsylvania Dutch Country was not named for its settlers of Dutch descent. Pennsylvania Colony Facts: Religious Freedom and Growth. Its big cities are packed with Italian, Irish, and even Chinese immigrant communities. In 1768, American Indians signed the Fort Stanwix Treaty, under which the native peoples sold their interest in lands south of the Ohio and Susquehanna Rivers. Since the European settlement of Pennsylvania began in the mid 1600s in the southeast corner of the state, the earliest buildings are found in this region. There were many who held that the Quakers, with their doctrine of non-resistance, were unfit to rule a colony. A large number of Scots-Irish arrived, beginning around 1717. The state capital of Pennsylvania is Harrisburg.The largest city in Pennsylvania is Philadelphia. Although the original colonies were given a general set of governmental guidelines from the British government, Pennsylvania set its own standards. Pennsylvania also accounts for nearly 10 percent of America’s forested area, so there is plenty of room for outdoor recreation tourism to balance the incredible history on display. Much of what is now Pennsylvania was part of the original land grant for the Virginia colony given to the London Company in 1606. After the British won the war, the French withdrew, and peace came to western Pennsylvania. In many ways, Pennsylvania and Delaware owed their initial success to William Penn. Today visitors can admire 40 preserved buildings from this colonial era right in downtown Philly in the Independence National Historical Monument. The Delaware, or Lenni Lenape, occupied the Delaware valley; the Susquehannock were in the lower Susquehanna River valley; the Erie and various groups of the Iroquois Confederacy—Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, and Oneida—were in northern Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania is the center of economic growth in the colonies and is the perfect place to start or move a business. The English, Dutch, and Swedes all made claims to the land with the Swedes becoming the first to make permanent settlement in 1638. Pennsylvania Colony has many different land features. Even though Quakers held most of the influence in Pennsylvania, there was religious freedom which brought Quakers, Christians, Protestants, and Jews, and people from Wales, Germany, Holland, and France.This lead to a very mixed culture. Markham was to appoint a council and ensure that the Welsh, Swedish, Dutch, and Irish settlers already there, as well as the American Indians, recognized his proprietary authority. Pennsylvania Colony Facts: Religious Freedom and Growth. The Susquehannock, an Iroquoian tribe, lived along the Susquehanna River. The Colony of Pennsylvania had a mild climate with coastal plains, plateaus and mountains. In 1681, William Penn, a Quaker, established a colony based on religious tolerance; it was settled by many Quakers along with its chief city Philadelphia, which was also the first planned city. Because the American Indians generally aided the early settlers, Penn's colony suffered fewer periods of hardship that were common in other colonies. The Pennsylvania Dutch population arrived in droves between the late 1600s and the early 1800s to escape religious persecution in Europe. The Pennsylvania Colony included immigrants from England, German, Scotch-Irish, and African Americans. In the countryside there are strong Dutch and German communities. The Colony of Pennsylvania had a mild climate with coastal plains, plateaus and mountains. There was an unsworn treaty in place that was never broken. Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn, who was a Quaker, and its culture was informed by Quaker beliefs in the equality of all people. Charles II, King of England owed money to Penn’s family. As a result, many Quakers, Mennonites, and others came to find refuge within the city. "Chambers' Map from the Delaware to the Susuquehanna, 1685." Well before the Europeans showed up in America the Delaware and several other Native American tribes lived in what is today Pennsylvania. The pioneer era, during which the land was cleared, lasted from 1682 to the 1830s. The colony of Pennsylvania had a mild climate with coastal plains, plateaus and mountains. At this point in time, Penn referred to himself as governor of the new colony, which he called the "Holy Experiment," and soon hoped to take up his duties in person. Much of the land was suited for farming. Much of what is now Pennsylvania was part of the original land grant for the Virginia colony given to the London Company in 1606. Because many colonists of differing beliefs were allowed to settle in Pennsylvania, the colony prospered. The colony saw an inflow of people from several parts of the world, which brought diversity in the economy too. Accessed 6/17/19. William Penn founded Pennsylvania on March,4,1681 for two reasons: To make money and to provide the Quakers a safe haven in the American colonies. The settlement around Philadelphia experienced rapid growth. If you don't have an account yet, make one here. The French and Indian War began in Pennsylvania in 1754. When the young American colonies began to tire of British taxation they formed the first Continental Congress in Philadelphia in 1774. Colonial Culture. Pennsylvania was one of the thirteen original U.S. founding states. Pennsylvania is the farthest inland of the four, therefore it has the richest soil and best agricultural resources of the Middle Colonies. "Treaties of Fort Stanwix." Under his guidance, Pennsylvania functioned smoothly and grew rapidly. When Penn arrived in late 1682 to take up the governorship, he was pleased to see that the settlement had already prospered. It had many diverse people with different ethnicity. By 1685, the population of Pennsylvania had reached 9,000. The land he received was rich with natural resources including two river valleys, extensive forests and a large portion of the Appalachian Mountains. Penn's goal with Pennsylvania was to create a colony that allowed for freedom of religion. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Â© 2020 Small Planet Communications, Inc. + Terms/Conditions + 15 Union Street, Lawrence, MA 01840 + (978) 794-2201 + firstname.lastname@example.org, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/214180/Treaties-of-Fort-Stanwix, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/pa-history/1681-1776.html, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/documents/1681-1776/chambers-map.html, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/governors/, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/documents/1681-1776/walking-purchase.html, http://www.statemuseumpa.org/Potamkin/brother/part3.htm, http://xroads.virginia.edu/~CAP/PENN/pnplan.html, http://www.cems.uwe.ac.uk/~rstephen/livingeaston/. Two years later the first American Constitution was drafted in this city as well. The story of the Pennsylvania Amish community dates back to the 16th century Reformation in Europe, when the Anabaptist movement spurred the creation of three "plain" communities: the Amish, Mennonites and Brethren. 53m ago Abigail Van Buren. Interesting Facts ; One of the original 13 colonies, Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn as a haven for his fellow Quakers. An initial detachment of settlers departed for America in October 1681 with four commissioners on board. Small Planet Communications, Inc. + 15 Union Street, Lawrence, MA 01840 + (978) 794-2201 + Contact. It was partially based on farming. Some were the most important citizens of the Pennsylvania Colony such as Benjamin Franklin who helped establish the … Penn treated the American Indians as equals and scrupulously paid for land received from the local chiefs. Algonquian-speaking Delaware groups lived in the eastern river valleys. Accessed 6/17/19. The Delaware, or Lenni Lenape, occupied the Delaware valley; the Susquehannock were in the lower Susquehanna River valley; the Erie and various groups of the Iroquois Confederacy—Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, and Oneida—were in northern Pennsylvania. When first discovered by Europeans, Pennsylvania, like the rest of the continent, was inhabited by groups of American Indians, people of Mongoloid ancestry unaware of European culture. The Pennsylvania Colony was one of four Middle Colonies which also included the New York Colony, the Delaware Colony, and the New Jersey Colony. The Quakers never helped the New Englanders during the Indian Wars. He called the colony the "Holy Experiment." The Pennsylvania colony was officially established by a newly converted aristocratic Quaker, William Penn. Pennsylvania Life and Culture. William Penn died in England in 1718. Accessed 6/17/19. He soon became involved in the politics of the colony and is remembered as an important figure in the history of Pennsylvania and in the early development of the United States. Most American Indians eventually migrated west, leaving only a few remaining in Pennsylvania. Dear Abby: Friendship is a casualty of birthday party quarrel Dear Abby: Friendship is a casualty of birthday party quarrel. Pennsylvania Life and Culture. An academy that held its first classes in 1740 became the College of Philadelphia in 1755, and ultimately grew into the University of Pennsylvania. Peaceful relations with neighboring American Indian groups and fertile farmland helped Penn's experiment become a success. The State Museum of Pennsylvania. 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